• Adrian Fedyk

Updated: Jul 7


Although certain restrictions will be lifted on July 19th, I will still require all pupils to wear a face mask and clean their hands before lessons, until further notice.


At this time the population does not have total immunity from COVID-19 and, as yet, although the rollout of the vaccines is progressing extremely well, the virus still has the potential to spread extensively.

All Driving Instructors, therefore, will need to remain alert and make their own risk assessments concerning the provision of a safe system of work. The health and wellbeing of pupils, ourselves and those closest to us must be our primary consideration if we are able to safely work.

Therefore, I will still require all pupils to wear a face mask during lessons, and to ensure that they thoroughly clean their hands before the lesson starts.

I fully support the government and the DVSA and I will follow all advice given.

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  • Adrian Fedyk

A skilful driver constantly watches and interprets what's happening around them.

Always drive at such a speed that you can stop safely within the distance you can see to be clear.

A good driver will constantly scan the road ahead and to the side and, by frequent use of the mirrors, be aware of the situation behind.

Look at other road users and assess their:

  • speed

  • behaviour

  • possible intentions.

If you're not observing effectively, you can't assess a traffic situation correctly.

At junctions there's no point in just looking if your view is obstructed, for example, by parked vehicles. You must also move carefully into a position where you can see without moving out into the path of oncoming traffic.

  • Look

  • Assess and

  • Decide before you

  • Act.

That's what effective observation is all about.

Approaching a bend - ask yourself:

  • Can I see the full picture?

  • How sharp is the bend?

  • Am I in the right position?

  • Is my speed right?

  • What might I meet?

  • Could I stop if I had to?

Approaching a junction - ask yourself:

  • Have I seen the whole junction?

  • Can other drivers see me?

  • Am I sure that they have seen me?

  • Have I got an escape route if they haven't?

It can be difficult to see some other road users, especially when you are emerging from a junction. Those who are particularly at risk are:

  • Pedestrians; they frequently cross at a junction and often find it difficult to judge the speed and course of approaching traffic, especially if they are 'plugged-into' their phone!

  • Cyclists; they can be difficult to see, because they can be easily obscured by trees and other objects, especially if they are riding close to the side of the road or on the pavement. They may be approaching at a higher speed than you expect.

  • Motorcyclists; like cyclists they are often less easy to see than other traffic, but they are likely to be moving much faster than cyclists.

Never rely solely on a quick glance - give yourself time to take in the whole scene.

If another vehicle or a pedestrian is not in your zone of vision, you're not usually in theirs.

Making eye contact with other road users helps you know whether they have seen you.

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  • Adrian Fedyk

You will find that you're very much more limited by conditions at night. You can't see as far as you can in daylight, so less information is available.

Problems vary widely with the type of road and amount of traffic.

Speed at night

You need to be more alert and aware that you can't safely drive as fast at night as you can in daylight. The includes driving at dusk or dawn, even in good weather.

Never drive so fast that you can't stop well within the distance you can see to be clear. That is, within the range of your lights.

To enable you to see the greatest distance, you should normally use main beam headlights on unlit roads unless:

  • You're following another vehicle

  • You're meeting oncoming traffic.

On lit roads you should normally use dipped headlights.

If you can't stop safely within the range of your lights, you're going too fast.

Avoid dazzling others

If you meet any other road user, including cyclists and pedestrians, dip your headlights in good time to avoid dazzling them.

At dusk

You may find it best to put on your lights before lighting-up time.

Don't be afraid to be the first driver to switch on, it's better to see and be seen.

At dawn

The opposite applies.

Don't switch off your lights until you're sure it's safe. Make sure you can see and be seen.

If you are driving a dark coloured car you should switch on earlier and switch off later.

When you drive with your lights on, other drivers can see you earlier and tell where you are going. This is often difficult in the half light without lights.

Your eyes at night

You should have your eyesight checked regularly.

Ask yourself, "can I really see as well as I would like?'

If you can't see so well at night, it might be your eyes that are to blame, night driving may be highlighting the need for an eyesight check.

How far can you see?

Test yourself in a suitable place.

Pick an object within the range of your lights and see if you can stop by the time you reach it.

You'll be surprised how difficult this is with dipped lights on an unlit road, and shows that you should take a good look before you dip your lights.

Lighter coloured objects are easier to see at night.

Adjusting to darkness

Give your eyes a minute or two to adjust to the darkness, particularly when you're coming out of a brightly lit area or building.

You can always use the time to clean your lights, mirrors, windscreen etc.

Remember this when you leave a motorway service area after a rest or refuelling stop.

A clean screen cuts down dazzle.


  • Wear tinted glasses or sunglasses (unless they are anti-dazzle night glasses)

  • Spray the windscreen or windows with tints.

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